Tourism in Myanmar (Burma)
791,505 tourists visited in 2010. More than 1 million tourists visited in 2012. In 2013, the government expects 1.5 million of foreigners to visit.
Tourists ranking by Nationality
- Other countries (Austria, Brunei, Hong kong, Indonesia, Mexico, New Zealand, the Philippines, Spain and Sweden)
- South Korea
- United States
- United Kingdom
For convenience to visit in Myanmar, there are the information counters distributed all parts of Myanmar.
How to apply Entry Visa
Please check the link, How to apply Visa.
How to get there?
There are Yangon International Airport and Mandalay International Airport to visit to Myanmar. The basic hub to Yangon is Bangkok and Singapore. Please check the International Airlines fly to Yangon and Mandalay.
All arriving passengers have to fill up the immigration and customs declaration form.
b) Personal Duty Free Allowance
Portable camera, portable video camera, portable computer, electrical goods (not more than the value of USD 500), 32inches TV, 15 sticks golf set, one bicycle, 2 litres liquor, 150ml of perfume, 400 rolls cigarette, 50 rolls cigar and 250 gm pipe tobacco, etc.
Any items exceeds above duty free allowance, the passengers need to declare the forms of immigration and customs on arrival. All foreign currency exceed above US 2000, the passengers must declare.
Any uncertain matters regarding about customs, you are advised to go to the Red Channel.
Note: You need to confirm your departure date in Myanmar to your air line.
The following list is the border cross of Myanmar with Thailand, China and India. When the foreigners enter/exit to/from Myanmar, there may need boarding pass permit, fees or other necessary documents. Please check when you book. It is better to visit to Myanmar by air.
1) Thailand Borders
a) Tachileik (Myanmar) / Mae Sai (Thailand)
b) Myawaddy (Myanmar) / Mae Sot (Thailand)
c) Three Pagodas Pass (Payathonzu (Myanmar)/Sangkhla buri (Thailand))
d) Kawthaung (Myanmar) / Ranong (Thailand)
2) China Border
a) Mu Se (Myanmar) / Ruili, Yunnan (China)
b) Lweje (Myanmar) / Longchaun, Yunnan (China)
3) India Border
a) Tamu (Myanmar) / Moreh (India)
Getting Around inside Myanmar
You may go by plane with many Domestic Airlines; by train; by cruise ships from cities to cities. Inside town, you may take by taxi or by bus.
Myanmar currency is in kyats (pronounce in chat). The Visa / Master card start to accept in Myanmar. It is strongly recommended that to bring extra USD dollars also. Here is the list of ATMs in Myanmar and Money Exchangers in Myanmar.
What to eat
Myanmar food is mixed of China, India and Mon. Normally eats rice with meat and vegetables. There are popular local foods. International restaurants like Cambodia, Chinese, France, India, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Laos, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, and Korea also have in Myanmar with reasonable price. There are also a lot of street hawkers or roadside stalls.
What to wear
Light Cotton Clothes are suitable for summer. It needs sweater/jackets and trouser in some cold area. At pagodas or monasteries, your knees should cover something as well as your shoulder.
Please note that you have to take off your footwear when entering to pagodas or monasteries. Recommend bringing sandals, flip-flops or you may take Myanmar slippers.
What to bring
You have to bring the followings,
- small torch
- battery chargers for your electrical devices
- sun protection lotions
- antibiotic pills and cream
- insect repellent
- universal adapter (Myanmar uses 2 flat pin plugs/ the current is 220 volts/50 cycles
What to buy
The popular gifts are Lacquer ware, silverware (in Bagan); Tapestries, antiques things, wood and jade carvings (In Mandalay and Yangon); Precious stones (in Mogok); Traditional cotton and silk fabrics (in Amarapura, Mandalay), umbrella, Myanmar corn cigarettes, handmade funs, slippers, paintings, Myanmar Thanakha (Myanmar Traditional Make-up), shoulder bags, and longyis (all around country).
Where to shop
There are a lot of shopping centers, convenient stores, food stalls, restaurants, street stalls to buy.
Information Counters in Myanmar
The information counters distributed by Myanmar Travels & Tours as below.
1. Yangon Tourist Information Counter
No.118, Mahabandoola Garden St,
Kyauktada Tsp, Yangon.
Ph: 95-01-252859, 95-01-374281, 95-01-371286, 95-01-378376,
2. Yangon International Airport Counter
Ph: 95-01-533154, 95-01-533030(Ext-203)
3. Shwe Dagon Pagoda Counter
Near the lift of the southern gate pagoda compound
4. Chaung Thar Beach Counter
Near Yangon-Chaung Thar bus terminal
Lai Lai Hotel compound
5. Kyaik Htee Yoe Pagoda Counter
Near Kyaik Hto Hotel, Kyaik Hto, Mon State
6. Mandalay Tourist Information Counter
Corner of 27th St and 66th St,
Chan Aye Thar Zan Tsp, Mandalay
7. Mandalay International Airport Counter
Mandalay Ph: 95-9-5019048
8. Taunggyi Tourist Information Counter
Bogyoke Aung San St, Taunggyi
9. Heho Airport Counter
Heho, Shan State
10. Nyaung Shwe Tourist Information Counter
Nyaung Shwe Jetty, Nyaung Shwe, Shan State
11. Than Dwe Airport Tourist Information Counter
Than Dwe, Rakhine State
12. Nyaung U Tourist Information Counter
No.6 Quarter, Aung Myay Thar Ward, Nyaung U
13. Nyaung U Airport Counter
14. Tachileik Tourist Information Counter
Friendship Bridge No.1, Tachileik
Ph: 95-084-57197 E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
15. Kawt Thaung Tourist Information Counter
Myoma Jetty, Strand Rd, Annawar Ward,
Kawt Thaung, Tanintharyi Division
Ph: 95-59-51578, 95-9-5019115
Tips of Myanmar
The official name is Republic of the Union of Myanmar. It is known as Myanmar or Burma. The government is Unitary Presidential Republic. The President is Mr. Htin Kyaw.
Famous People from Myanmar
- U Htin Kyaw – President of Myanmar
- General (Bogyoke) Aung San – He brought independence from British colonial rule in Burma (Myanmar). He is the father of (hero of) Myanmar People.
- U Thant – He is the third Secretary-General of the United Nations. He achieved negotiations between John F. Kennedy and Nikita Kruschev during Cuban Missile Crisis.
- Aung San Su Kyi – She is daughter of General Aung San. Presently she is Leader of National League for Democracy. She got Nobel Peace Prize in 1991.
At a glance of Myanmar
“Mingalarbar !” This is the greeting of Myanmar. It can be used as general word of meeting or it means “How do you do? “.
Myanmar is famous as golden land Myanmar. As it is a Buddhist Country, there are a lot of golden pagodas national wide. Especially is Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon.
Moreover smiles of Myanmar people are very popular. Their smiles are sweet, charming, innocent, gentle, and honest.
It is located in South East Asia. It is located between latitudes 09 32°N and 28 31°N and longitudes 92 10°E and 101 11°E. The country has a coastline (1930km) in the south. It is situated on the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea. The neighbor countries are China, India, Laos, Thailand and Bangladesh. The length of land boundaries is 5876km. Myanmar is second largest while Indonesia is first in South East Asia.
The area is 676,578 km2. The land area is 653,508 km2. The water area is 23,070 km2.
Area – Comparative
It is slighter smaller than Texas or double of Germany/Vietnam.
The main river is Ayeyarwady. It flows from North to South through country. It is very useful for commerce. The other rivers are Chidwin, Thanlwin, Sittaung.
The highest mountain is Hkakabo Razi. It is located in Kachin Stae, north of Myanmar.
Naypidaw is the Capital and it is the city of government offices. Yangon is largest City and Old Capital. Mandalay is Second Largest City.
Myanmar usually has 3 seasons.
Hot season – Mid of March to Mid of May
Temperature may be from 30°C to 35°C. The highest may be 45°C in certain region.
- Rainy Season – May to October
Temperature may be from 25°C to 30°C.
The average rainfall is 40 inches in central and 200 inches in coastal regions.
- Cold Season - November to February, temperature may be from 20°C to 24°C. Some area drop under 0°C.
Monthly Average Temperature (°C) in Yangon
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun July Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
19 23 29 32 33 32 30 28 30 28 18 16
Divisions and States
The country is composed with 7 Divisions and 7 States.
Divisions are Yangon, Mandalay, Magway, Sagaing, Ayeyarwady, Tanintharyi and Bago.
States are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Rakhine, Mon and Shan.
Buddhish (89%) ,Christian,Muslim,Hindu.
Burmese (officially), English and other local languages.
There are 135 national races. The main races are Kachin(12), Kayah(9), Kayin(11), Chin(53), Mon(1), Bamar(9), Rakhine(7) and Shan(33). The population is 54,584,650. (July 2012 estimated)
Myanmar became independence from British Colonies on 4, January, 1948.
The nation flag was adopted on 21 Oct 2010. It is a horizontal tricolor flag of yellow, green and red charged with a five-pointed white star in the middle of the field. The yellow represents peace; the green symbolizes solidarity, tranquility and lush greenery; the red represents courage and determination; and the white star stands for the significance of the union of the country.
As it has a lot of rivers and there is a lot of rain, the nation is Agriculture country. The main product is rice and the rest are pulses, beans, sesame, groundnuts, sugarcane, fish and fish products, hardwood.
Myanmar has rich of natural resources like petroleum, timber, tin, antimony, zinc, cement, construction materials, pharmaceuticals, fertilizer, oil and gas, garments, jade, gems, copper, tungsten, lead, coal, some marble, limestone, precious stones, natural gas, and hydro power.
Anybody can go to school at the age of 5. Elementary School (Kindergarten, Standard 1,2,3,4);Middle School (Standard 5,6,7,8);High School (Standard 9,10). The uniform is white on the top and green at bottom. Schools open in beginning of June.
Depends on the matriculation results (Standard 10), the students may go different universities. There are universities of Medical, Technical, and other vocational.
The most common diseases are bacterial and protozoal diarrhea; hepatitis A, B; Tricuspid Valve (TV); typhoid fever; dengue fever and malaria; leptospirosis; rabies; HIV; AIDS.
Independent day (January 04)
Kayin New Year (January 14)
Union Day (February 12)
Peasants’s Day (March 02)
Armed Forces Day (March 27)
Myanmar New Year (2nd week of April)
Labour Day (May 01)
Martyrs’s Day (July 19)
National Day (10th Waning day of Tazaungmone month in Myanmar Calendar)
Christmas Day (25th December)
The rest are full moon day of Myanmar Months (in Myanmar Calendar) and special days of other religion.
There are telephone, internet, and fax, broadcasting media, newspaper and other media.
The country code is +95 and the internet access code is .mm.
It has official newspaper of Kyae Mon, Myanmar Alin and the New Light of Myanmar (in English).
As usual of world calendar (official use)
Myanmar Traditional Calendar
It is a lunisolar calendar based on phases of the moon and the motion of the sun. Every month has 28 days. Christian Calendar can obtain by adding 638 days of Myanmar Calendar. Let’s say 2013-638=1375. Now is Year of 1375 according to Myanmar Lunar Calendar.
There are 12 months in a year of Myanmar Lunar Calendar.
The nation is a member of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), United Nations and other organizations.
Myanmar has its own culture entertainment. The most popular entertainments are, Modern Style Stick Drum Dance, U Shwe Yoe and Daw Moe Dance, Marionette dance or puppet style duet dance, the apyodaw Dance (or) The Maids Honor Dance, Myanmar Magic Show, Thingyan Dance and Myanmar Mystic Chinlon (Popular Traditional Sport)
Currency is in kyats.
The working hours of offices are from 9:30am to 4:30pm and close on Saturday and Sunday.
Voltages 220/230V Ac, 50 (Hz)
Time Zone = MMT (UTC: 6:30)